is .pth a state dict?

In pytorch?

Asked on December 8, 2023 in uncategorized.
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In PyTorch, a `.pth` or `.pt` file extension is often used for files that contain a model's state dictionary (`state_dict`), which is a Python dictionary object that maps each layer to its parameter tensor. However, the `.pth` extension itself does not enforce any particular content inside the file; it's merely a convention, and the actual content must be saved and loaded using PyTorch's API. The `state_dict` is an integral part of PyTorch models that allows for model checkpointing (saving and loading). This makes it possible to resume training, or to perform inference on new data without having to retrain the model from scratch. Here's how you typically save a model's `state_dict` in PyTorch: ```python, 'model.pth') ``` And here is how you load it back: ```python model = TheModelClass(*args, **kwargs) model.load_state_dict(torch.load('model.pth')) ``` Please note that when loading the `state_dict`, you need to instantiate the model class first, with the same architecture that was used when the `state_dict` was saved. Only after that can you load the `state_dict` into your model. Also, ensure the code execution is within the appropriate context (e.g., `model.eval()` for inference or load with `torch.no_grad()` if you're not planning to update the weights during inference). The convention of using a `.pth` or `.pt` file for PyTorch state dictionaries is useful for identifying the file type at a glance, but remember it's just a convention—these files are often just serialized Python objects (specifically, a serialized state dictionary), and you could technically use any file extension you prefer.
Answered on December 8, 2023.
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