How to create and switch branches in Git?

I am working on a new feature for which I need to create a new branch. How can I create a new branch in Git? Also, how can I switch between branches?

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Git is a vital tool for developers allowing them to manage versions of their projects efficiently. In Git, branching is an essential part of this process. To **create a new branch in Git**, you can use this simple command: ``` git branch ``` After running this command, replace `` with the desired name for your branch. Let's say you want to create a branch named `new_feature`, the command will be: ``` git branch new_feature ``` The above command only creates the branch without changing the focus to it; you will still be on your last checked-out branch. To **switch between branches in Git** or to switch to your newly created branch in this instance, you can use the `checkout` command: ``` git checkout ``` If you want to switch to the `new_feature` branch, your command will be: ``` git checkout new_feature ``` Combining both actions, Git also provides a shorthand command that allows creating a new branch and switching to it directly: ``` git checkout -b ``` This will create a new branch named `` and immediately switch to it. If the branch name is `new_feature`, the command will look like this: ``` git checkout -b new_feature ``` In addition, to see all the branches in your repository, you can use the `branch` command with `-a` flag: ``` git branch -a ``` This will list all the local and remote branches for your repository. The current active branch will be marked with an asterisk (*). Remember to regularly push your changes to the remote repository to ensure your work is saved and accessible to others by using the `git push` command: ``` git push origin ``` In conclusion, basic understanding about Git branches is important as it allows you to work on different tasks, features or bugs without affecting the main (often production) codebase. This approach helps ensure code quality and maintainability. Make sure to explore more about other Git commands and understand version control best practices.
Answered on August 24, 2023.
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